Commercial and Industrial Torsion Springs

Commercial and Industrial torsion springs

Commercial and industrial overhead doors range from weighing a few hundred pounds to over a thousand pounds. Vertical-lift and high-lift door systems are frequently used in commercial and industrial settings to maximize space. Read below measure your old spring(s) and find your new torsion springs to purchase.

About Commercial Torsion Springs:

Purchase Commercial Torsion Springs:

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Introduction to Commercial and Industrial Torsion Springs

Commercial high lift overhead door
Commercial high-lift doors open vertically before rolling backward.
Commercial and industrial torsion springs are used in warehouses, loading docks, and a variety of other locations that require large overhead doors. Because of the wide range of applications, door sizes, and therefore door weights, the torsion springs on commercial and industrial doors vary greatly in size and lift.

Commercial vertical lift dock doors
Vertical-lift doors open straight up.
Depending on the application, commercial and industrial doors come in a variety of lifts, including high-lift and vertical-lift. High-lift doors are a common way to utilize space as they raise the door closer to the ceiling before rolling back on the horizontal tracks. These doors have a special drum that takes several turns of cable to increase the moment arm as the door opens vertically. When the door rolls back on the horizontal track, the cable reaches the flat portion of the drum and mechanically behaves as a standard lift door.

Vertical-lift doors, on the other hand, open straight up and do not roll back. These doors are especially useful in maximizing space in taller buildings, especially warehouses where forklifts move large quantities of products.

Commercial springs often use two brackets because of a coupler
Top: A split shaft with a coupler requires two spring anchor brackets.
Bottom: Other doors use two brackets without a split shaft.
Commercial and industrial torsion springs mount to spring anchor brackets. While some doors only require a single spring anchor bracket like the vertical-lift door pictured above, others utilize multiple spring anchor brackets. Multiple brackets are almost always required when multiple springs are used on a split shaft, as both springs typically do not fit on one half of the shaft. Wider doors often use multiple springs in a linear system, thereby requiring the outside springs to use additional spring anchor brackets.

Single, duplex, and triplex springs are all utilized in commercial and industrial environments. By fitting a spring with a smaller inside diameter inside of a spring with a larger inside diameter, the springs work in conjunction with each other and require less space on the shaft. One disadvantage of the duplex and triplex systems is that broken inside springs (as pictured at the top of this page) are often undetectable without weighing the door. Furthermore, measuring the dimensions of an inside spring is more difficult as it requires unwinding the outside spring and removing the cone before any measurements can be made.

Regardless of your spring dimensions, lift system, shaft style, spring system, or number of springs, you can order replacement torsion springs for your commercial or industrial overhead door.

Purchase Commercial Torsion Springs

After measuring your old torsion springs, determining which springs you need to replace, and considering longer life spring options, you can place your order for commercial torsion springs.

Measuring Old Torsion Springs

There are five characteristics of torsion springs: 1. Inside Diameter (ID), 2. wire size, 3. length, 4. wind, and 5. end types. For each torsion spring you plan on replacing, you will need to obtain each measurement.

Each measurement must be made carefully for you to receive the proper replacement springs. See our How to Measure Torsion Springs page for more information on obtaining these dimensions.

To measure springs on the inside of duplex or triplex systems, you will have to first unwind the spring system and remove the cones to access the internal spring.

Replace All of Your Torsion Springs?

Torsion springs are rated for a specific number of cycles based on the number of turns that are applied. Since springs on a door are typically rated with a similar cycle life, we typically suggest that you replace all of the springs on your door together. Because of the relatively high cost of replacing the springs and the subsequent loss of possible cycles from the old springs, many customers decide only to replace one spring at a time.

Ultimately, the decision is up to you - you can replace all of your springs at once and save time on the labor, or you can replace all of the springs on your door at once.

Longer Life Torsion Spring Options

Commercial cable drum
This high-lift cable drum says APCO 5750-120. Many cable drums are covered in paint, dirt, or other substances which make it difficult to read the label.
Please contact us if you are interested in purchasing springs with a longer cycle life. We will need your current spring dimensions, cable drum number, door dimensions, and possibly other measurements in order to provide you with possible cycle life upgrades.

Torsion spring upgrades are based on matching the torque rating per turn (IPPT) of your current spring to a new spring or by finding the necessary IPPT based on your door and cable drum. Increasing the cycle life is accomplished by increasing the wire size. In order to maintain the same lift as with your old torsion spring, your new spring will require a greater length of steel. This increase is accomplished by either increasing the length of your spring or by increasing its inside diameter.

The space on the spring shaft often becomes a limiter for torsion spring upgrades. A longer cycle life spring often requires more space on the shaft and, therefore, may not be an option based on your current system. If you do not have a duplex or triplex system, upgrading to such a spring design may give you the space you need.

If you wish to upgrade the cycle life of a duplex or triplex system, you will need to replace the internal and external springs simultaneously. If you do not, you may not be able to reassemble your spring system with your upgraded spring.

USA Made Steel

In recent months, there has been a rising concern about the type of steel used in springs. For example, Chinese imported steel and springs are often more brittle and can, therefore, be of a lower quality than other sources. At DDM Garage Doors, Inc., we make it our primary concern to not only help people figure out how to repair their doors but also to provide excellent products for our customers. Therefore, if you purchase a spring from us, you can rest assured that all our springs are made with high-quality steel from the United States.

Order Commercial Torsion Springs

WARNING! Replacing torsion springs is dangerous work, even for experienced tradesmen! Springs are normally under extreme tension. Damage to property and loss of fingers, limbs, and life can occur without following proper procedures or without using the right tools. DDM Garage Doors, Inc. wants your business, but not at the expense of your safety. If you have any doubts about your ability to perform the work safely, we recommend you hire a professional to do the work.

Before ordering your springs, be sure you have measured them correctly as most commercial and industrial torsion springs are not returnable.

NOTE: Most customers order springs with cones already installed, but many order springs without cones installed because some of the OEM cones cost more than the springs.

If it appears more economical to order the springs without cones installed, we advise that you consider the following.

Many cones are screwed into the ends of the spring, and they are secured to the spring by friction. Removing these cones can be difficult. Please review our instructions on How To Remove and Install Torsion Spring Cones before purchasing springs without cones. These instructions are made for the smaller 1 3/4" ID and 2" ID springs, but they apply to most springs with 2 1/4," 2 5/8," 3 1/2;" 4 1/2" and 5 1/2" inside diameters where the cones screw into the ends of the springs.

On many commercial and industrial spring systems, the spring wire is bent on the ends to secure the cones to the springs. These cones tend to be easier to replace than the screw-on type that uses friction to secure the spring to the cones. For example, on their 1 19/32" and 2 25/32" ID springs Crawford extended the ends to lock into the outer portion of the cones. BarCol bent the ends of their 1 13/16" ID springs to hook on the raised portion of the end cones. On their 2" ID and many of their 3 3/8" ID cones Overhead Door bent the ends up 90 degrees to fit into retaining clips. Be sure you select the correct ends if you order the springs without cones installed.

Special notes about Overhead Door Cones. Because of inconsistent hole sizes for winding bars, Overhead Door winding cones are dangerous, and we recommend replacing them with the newer style screw-on cones. However, if you do decide to order these springs without cones, you'll need to select "Overhead Ends" if you are ordering online. If you email or call in the order, let us know you have Overhead Door cones so we can bend up the ends of the spring wire to fit in the clips. If you are ordering 2" ID springs with cones to replace the older 2" springs with retaining clips, let us know in the comment section of the order. The one inch bolts are not long enough to secure the new stationary cones to the spring anchor bracket. We will provide longer bolts and wider flange nuts at no charge to help with your project.

Apart from the Overhead Door brand cones, most of the remaining commercial and industrial springs screw onto the cones, and the ends of the spring wire are heated and bent to fit into a slot in the cones. These include most of the cones for the 3 3/8," 3 3/4," 5 1,4;" 5 7/8," 6," and 7 5/8" inside diameter springs. When Replacing Commercial Overhead Door Torsion Springs with these inside diameters, you will normally need a torch if you order the springs without cones installed. You can order the springs with standard ends and heat the ends to bend them into the cones, or you can order the springs with the "ends in" and heat the wire several inches from the ends to bend the wire up to ease screwing in the cones. After that, you would reheat the wire to bend the wire into the cone.

Converting to Different Inside Diameters

If you have reasons to change the inside diameter of a spring or springs, visit our Torsion Spring Inside Diameter Converter page.

If you are looking for torsion spring hardware, see our torsion spring hardware prices.

Enter your spring information in the form below and click "Go!" Winding cones normally come with one-inch holes for one-inch shafts. If you need cones for 1 1/4" shafts, please note this in the comment section of your order.

Once you have added your springs to your shopping cart, proceed through the checkout to place your order.

COVID Update

INFLATED CONE COSTS: COVID has interrupted international supply chains resulting in an unprecedented rise in cone costs. To avoid this extraordinary cost we recommend buying springs without cones and reusing your old cones as we show on our Torsion Spring Cone Replacement tutorial. For larger commercial and industrial springs you will find our DDM Tech Tips, How to Remove Winding Cones from Commercial Torsion Springs and How to Install Winding Cones on Commercial Torsion Springs, helpful.

SPRINGS WITH 2 5/8" OR LARGER INSIDE DIAMETERS. If you need springs with 2 5/8" inside diameters, please contact us. We have many sizes available without cones. For all 2 5/8" springs with with cones and for all springs with larger inside diameters, please allow eight to 10 weeks for processing and shipping the order.

SPRINGS WITH INSIDE DIAMETERS SMALLER THAN 2 5/8": We regret that due to supply chain shortages, the only residential and commercial springs we sell with cones installed are our two inch inside diameter springs. If you have 1 3/4" or 2 1/4" inside diameter springs, we recommend ordering the springs without cones or converting them to two inch ID springs. To convert your springs to 2" inside diameter, you can use our Torsion Spring Inside Diameter Converter or ask for our help. If you are converting from 2 1/4' ID Raynor springs, we recommend you order one of our Spring Anchor Bracket Kits to avoid possible compatibility issues. You will also save on the cost of the springs because the Raynor OEM cones cost 3 1/2 times as mch as the 2" cones. For example, the 2 1/4" - .225 - 22" spring costs $175.22. A 2" ID spring with the same wire, lift and cycle life, costs only $110.75 as of January 15, 2022. For two springs you would save $128.94.

Find My Commercial Spring

ID Wire Size Length (inches) Spring Ends Torsion Spring End Help Gapped? Gapped Spring Help
Note: Most commercial torsion springs are not returnable. Be sure to measure your springs properly before ordering!


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YES, WE'RE OPEN FOR BUSINESS! Due to the Coronavirus with the Delta and Omicron varations, we have changed our local order pickup policy at our West Chicago location. To pick up an order you will need to order first. The quickest way to do this is through our online shopping cart. There you can select the local pickup option. Or, you can call 630-293-1337 for assistance and to place your order. When ready, we will call you and your parts will be available for pickup in the front entrance on the north side of the building. Longer items will be picked up on the south side loading dock. Please do not arrive until you have been notified that your order is ready.

COVID / DELTA / OMICRON VARIANT UPDATE! NO MASK, NO SERVICE! When picking up parts please wear a mask. If you don't bring one we'll gladly provide one. Please honor the six foot social distancing rule to protect yourself and our employees. Thank you for your patience and understanding as we all navigate this challenge together. More information is available on our blog titled DDM Adjusts to the COVID-19 Coronavirus.

DELAYS AND INFLATION: COVID has interrupted global supply distribution chains resulting in unprecedented delays on incoming door and dock industry products. The result is limited availability of many products, two to three month delays on incoming shipments, and an inflationary rate of over 100% on most of our products, and 200-300% on many of our core products such as springs and cones.

SHIPPING CHANGES: Shipping times are currently not guaranteed, even on next day and second day shipments. Normal transit times do not apply. Shipping prices on items over 10 feet long have tripled in many cases.

SPRING WIRE AND CONE SHORTAGES: We currntly have a good inventory of 2" ID springs and cones. However, due to cone and wire shortages, we currently do not have cones for the residential 1 3/4" and 2 1/4" ID springs. For these sizes many customers are reusing their existing cones. If you need the larger inside diameter springs for commercial doors, there will be a one to two month delay on your order. If you are willing to wait two months for your springs, please note that in the comment section of your order. We deeply regret the hardships this will create for many of our customers.

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