Wayne Dalton TorqueMaster Torsion Springs

Step 1. Select winder type.

Step 2. Select springs by door weight, model number, or tube number.

Note: The spring options given are based on original door weights. Hurricane bracing, decorative hardware, and other additions to the door may alter the door weight, rendering the suggested springs unuseable.

What's a tube number?

Second Spring

To order springs, click the image that represents the type of spring system you have. Then you will be able to select springs by door weight, model number or tube number. Once you find the price for your spring or springs, you can follow the links to our shopping cart. If you have questions before buying, or if you prefer to purchase over the phone, please contact us.

Same Day Shipping

Order by 3:30 PM Central Time for same day shipping from our warehouse in West Chicago, IL 60185. The FedEx Map will provide your shipping time if you enter our zip code and click the "View Outbound Map" option. Do not include today in the transit time. For example, if you order on Thursday and the map shows two days, Friday would be the first day and Saturday would be the second day. FedEx delivers to residential addresses on Saturday for the same price, but they currently do not deliver on Monday. These springs are also available for pickup at our warehouse.

How to Order TorqueMaster Springs

Learn About TorqueMaster Torsion Springs:

How to Order TorqueMaster Springs

In order to find the correct springs, you will need to examine your garage door and gather some information. You may need help for part of the process.

Determine Winder Type

The most critical information you need to determine is whether you have the original TorqueMaster One system or the TorqueMaster II plus system. If your torsion springs were installed prior to 1997, you have the original standard TorqueMaster One springs. If your garage door is newer, you may have the TorqueMaster II Plus system

The difference between the two systems is determined by examining the winder. The original TorqueMaster system uses gears, they are wound with a drill and a 7/16" socket or nut driver, and there is a round wheel with numbers from zero to 20 that records the number of turns on the springs. The newer TorqueMaster II plus system uses a ratcheting system and the springs are wound with a 5/8" socket wrench. The number of turns is determined by marking the socket and counting as the spring is wound.

After you determine the type of winder you have, you can decide whether you would like to order springs by door dimensions and weight, door model number and size, or by the tube number.

Order by Door Dimensions and Weight

The first option for ordering TorqueMaster springs is to order by door weight. You will also need to determine the door width and height.

The best way to determine the width and height is with a tape measure. Measure the width of your door, the distance from the right to the left side, and measure the height of your door, the distance from the floor to the top of the door.

The best way to determine the door weight is by checking the sticker on the tube. The more accurate weights are expressed with two decimal points, such as 125.46 pounds. Round numbers such as 150, 200 or 225 are not reliable weights. Also, bear in mind that when new doors are installed, sometimes the wrong spring tubes are installed on the door. If you know your door worked fine in the past this was probably not a problem.

You can also determine the door weight using an analog scale. Digital scales are not reliable no matter how many times you get the same reading because it often takes 20 seconds or longer for the door to settle on the scale. If you have trouble lifting the garage door, or if you cannot lift it yourself, have someone help you. Do not use the opener to lift the door, as you may damage the opener or the door.

Please note that in order to weigh the door, both cables must be loose. You may need to unwind your unbroken spring to loosen both cables and get a reliable reading of your door weight. The opener needs to be disengaged from the door and the arm should be removed to eliminate interference while weighing the door. More information on how to weigh a garage door is on our DIY instructions page.

Order by Door Model Number and Size

A second way to order springs for your door is to locate the model number and to measure the width and height of the door as shown above.

The model number is often printed on a sticker on the sections, tracks or on the tube. You'll be looking for numbers such as 8000, 8100, 8200, 9100, 9600, Foamcore II (FC II), or Thermowayne 36, 37 or 38.

Order by Tube Number

The third way to order springs is by the spring sizes on the tube. Usually there is a sticker on the tube just above the left end of the door, but often it is at the right end of the tube. Sometimes it is necessary to turn the shaft to see the sticker. One way to do this is to open the door a few inches. You can also view the sticker and take a picture of it with your smart phone.

Much of the information on the sticker is unintelligible. The springs, however, are identified by a series of numbers separated by the letter "X" - three numbers, an "X," and then two numbers, a period, and then two numbers. Here are some sample numbers to look for on your sticker: SPR.721X146X47.22 LH. The .721 is the older inside diameter of the spring expressed in thousandths of an inch, the 146 is the wire size in thousandths of an inch, the 47.22 is the length of the spring in inches, and the LH tells us the spring is wound left hand. Another example is .65 X .137 x 42.85 RH. The .65 is the newer inside diameter of 65 thousandths, the .137 is the wire size in thousandths, the 42.85 is the length of the spring in inches, and the spring is a right hand wind. Note: The inside diameter for both springs is normally listed only once.

Introduction to TorqueMaster Torsion Springs

Wayne Dalton designed the TorqueMaster spring system for safety; this system allows do-it-yourselfers to install doors without all the dangers associated with standard torsion spring systems. Homeowners can use a drill or a socket wrench to wind and unwind their torsion springs. Besides being safer, this system is easier for the diy-er to install, adjust and replace springs; the same work on conventional torsion spring systems is more difficult.

When compared to standard torsion spring systems, the hardware for the TorqueMaster systems is unique.

First, the torsion springs are located inside a steel tube about 10 inches above the garage door. You cannot see the springs without removing them from the tube. You can see, however, the winders on these systems. Lighter single car doors have winders at the right end only as you look at the door from inside the garage, and the heavier double car doors have winders at each end of the tube.

The original TorqueMaster One springs use winders with round dials numbered from zero to twenty to count the number of turns on the springs; these are wound with a drill and a 7/16” socket or nut driver.

Wayne Dalton TorqueMaster One Spring
Pictured above is a standard TorqueMaster spring. These springs are wound with a drill.

Wayne Dalton TorqueMaster Plus
Pictured above is the newer TorqueMaster Plus system. These springs are wound with a wrench.

The newer TorqueMaster Plus springs use a ratcheting mechanism and there is no dial for counting the number of turns. These springs are wound with 5/8" socket wrenches. The number of turns is determined by marking the socket and counting as the spring is wound.

Second, in order to fit inside the tube, the spring coils require a smaller inside diameter, and the springs need to be longer than standard torsion springs so they provide the proper torque for balancing the garage door.

The original springs had an inside diameter of .721 inch; the new springs have an inside diameter of .65 inch. The original springs were made of ASTM A229 oil tempered wire; the new springs are made of ASTM A228 music wire. In our tests the music wire has been shown to increase cycle life by at least 40% over oil tempered wire with the same dimensions when subjected to the same stress loads.

Third, the wire size is also is smaller than found in standard systems. Wire sizes range from .110" to .180." Most standard torsion systems start at .187" and often exceed .295" wire.

A fourth unique feature that accommodates the smaller inside diameter diameter and wire size is the smaller moment arm of the cable drums - the distance from the center of the springs to the point where the cables peel off the drums. Wayne Dalton uses cable drums with smaller diameters - roughly two inches - as opposed to four inches on drums for standard spring systems.

Fifth, the smaller drums require increasing the number of turns that are applied to the spring. The length of cable that needs to wrap around the drum needs be approximately the height of the garage door. To get the proper cable length to wrap around the drum, you need more turns on the spring - about twice as many as there are on springs using four inch drums. On seven foot high doors, for example, the springs are wound 16 turns.

Lastly, since the springs fit inside the tubes, they have special, smaller cones on each end to allow for winding.

What is the cycle life?
The cycle life of a spring is a rating of how many times you can open and close the garage door before the spring breaks. Each time a door is opened and closed, it completes one cycle. Manufacturers typically spring doors for 10,000 to 15,000 cycles. On many of the seven foot high doors longer life springs are available.

How TorqueMaster Springs Work. The small winding cone connects to the gears in the winding unit. The stationary cone is shaped to fit snugly inside the teardrop-shaped shaft so that end doesn't turn as the spring is wound. When the winding cone is turned and the spring is wound, the winder secures the winding end and the spring transfers torque to the stationary cone which is lodged to the shaft at the other end of the spring.

This torque is, in turn, transferred from the stationary cone, through the tube, to the cable drums which pull on the cables that run to the bottom of the door. The combined pull on each cable matches the door weight to counterbalance the weight of the door. When the door is fully open, the springs mostly unwind except for one or two turns. This is enough to hold the door in the open position. The principles are the same as you find in a window shade, except that you start with the shade up and you wind the spring as you lower the shade.

Replace One Spring or Both of the Springs?

If you have two TorqueMaster springs on your garage door, we recommend replacing both of them. In most situations, springs break because of metal fatigue; they exhaust their cycles. This means that the other spring is also nearing the end of its cycle life, and it will likely break in the near future.

By replacing both TorqueMaster springs, you will save yourself time; replacing both springs at the same time is faster than replacing each spring individually. Replacing both springs will also save on shipping costs.

All double-wide garage doors have two springs, but most of the single car doors have only one spring, and this is located on the right side. You can determine the number of springs by checking the left end of the tube. If there is a winder at that end, you have two TorqueMaster springs. Otherwise you just have one.

Spring Conversions

If you already have Wayne Dalton system, it is usually easier and more cost effective to replace your springs with the original parts than to convert to a standard torsion spring system. However, some customers do prefer to convert to a standard torsion system. More information about Wayne Dalton TorqueMaster conversions is available at our DIY instructions page.

Additional Parts

If you need additional parts for your Wayne Dalton TorqueMaster system please visit our Wayne Dalton TorqueMaster Parts page.

Wayne Dalton TorqueMaster Parts